/ by Darryl Holliday

Studies

National Bureau of Economic Research | An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force | July 1, 2016 | Tags: racial disparities in use of force, lethal vs. non lethal

Police Executive Research Forum | Guiding Principles on Use of Force | March 1, 2016 | Tags: use of force guidelines

Use of Force Policy Database | Use of Force Policy Database: Access use of force policies for 100 largest police departments | January 23, 2016 | Tags: use of force policies in US

Department of Investigation New York | Police Use of Force in New York City: Findings and Recommendations | October 1, 2015 | Tags: use of force policy changes, NYPD

Police Executive Research Forum | Reengineering Training | August 1, 2015 | Tags: training practices, use of forces

The Center for Popular Democracy | Justice in Policing | June 12, 2015 | Tags: national standard, Miami Dade PD, early warning systems

Cognitive Processing | Training Under Anxiety Short Term and Long Term Effects on police officer's shooting behavior under pressure | June 1, 2010 | police performance

National Institute of Justice | Police Attitudes Toward Abuse of Authority | June 22, 2000 | police attitudes, code of silence

US Department of Justice | Police Use of Excessive Force: A Concilliation Handbook for the Police and the Community | June 21, 1999 | Tags: community policing, use of force

The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology | How Reasonable is the Reasonable Man? | June 16, 1973 | Tags: Criminal law, criminology, use of force


MEDIA

Penn Live | October 15, 2016 | Tags: Use of Force trends

NPR/The Two Way | October 13, 2016 | Tags: Database, FBI, Justice Department

Baltimore Sun | October 13, 2016 | Tags: Baltimore Police Department, FOP

Al Jazeera | October 11, 2016 | Tags: The Taser Cases

Houston Chronicle | October 9, 2016 | Tags: Houston Police Department

Chicago Tribune | October 7, 2016 | Tags: Tags: CPD, use of force policy change

The Chicago Reader | August 18, 2016 | Tags: CPD, deadly force, felony murder doctrine

Mother Jones | July 14, 2016 | Tags: use of force, schools

Washington Post | July 8, 2016 | Tags: Use of Force Database, 2016

Baltimore Sun | June 29, 2016 | Tags: Baltimore Police Department, Use of Force

New York Times | April 25, 2016 | Tags: CIT, de-escalation

NBC LA | March 15, 2016 | Tags: LAPD, use of force change

San Francisco Gate | February 22, 2016 | Tags: police gun policy

Chicago Tribune | December 30, 2015 | Tags: tasers, training

Chicago Tribune | July 3, 2015 | Tags: use of force, Dante Servin, Rekia Boyd

Los Angeles Times | June 15, 2015 | Tags: use of force, border patrol

Las Vegas Journal | November 28, 2011 | Tags: Las Vegas Police Department, deadly force


Legal Cases and Precedent

City and County of San Francisco vs. Sheehan | 2015 | Supreme Court, Use of Force, Mental Health, ADA

Forrett vs. Richardson | 1997 | Tags: unarmed fleeing suspect

Elliott vs. Leavitt | 1996 | Tags: reasonableness, qualified immunity

Plakas vs. Drinski | 1993 | Tags: deadly force

Wardlaw v. Pickett | 1993 | Tags: excessive force, qualified immunity, training

Smith v. Freland | 1992 | Tags: Supreme Court, Deadly Force, Fleeing Felon

Graham v. Connor | 1989 | Tags: Supreme Court, Reasonableness

City of Canton vs. Harris | 1989 | Tags: liability, failure to train

Tennesee vs. Garner | 1985 | Tags: shooting a fleeing suspect

Powpow vs. Margate | 1979 | Tags: shooting innocent person

Terry vs. Ohio | 1968 | Tags: Established legality of Stop and Frisk 


National Police Directives

Chicago | October 7, 2016

Los Angeles | June 26, 2015

Chicago | February 10, 2015

Cleveland | August 8, 2014

St. Louis | April 6, 2014

Atlanta | October 28, 2013

Newark | April 4, 2013

New Jersey | October 9, 2012

Chicago | May 16, 2012

Chicago | September 23, 2002

Aurora | September 1, 1998

Boston | November 8, 1982